Sunday, February 23, 2020
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Amazing video of Etihad A380 crosswind landing at Heathrow


An amazing video of an Etihad A380 landing in severe crosswinds demonstrates how tough the Airbus superjumbo is, not to mention the skill of the Etihad pilots.

The video was taken this week at Heathrow which was battered by severe weather.

Typically aircraft land and take-off into the wind to decrease the landing or take-off distance.

In some cases aircraft land with a slight downwind component – typically associated with noise-sensitive airports where one runway is preferred over another.

Where a pilot faces a crosswind landing they need to point the aircraft in the direction of the wind while maintaining a straight course toward the runway.

This is called crabbing or yawing.

In strong crosswinds, the pilot may also dip the wing – sideslip – into the direction of the wind.

Just before touchdown pilots apply rudder to bring the plane – and its undercarriage – back so it is aligned straight down the centerline of the runway.

This takes great skill and the results – if not done properly – are often quite spectacular as shown in this video of the Etihad A380.

Magnificent photos of the Milky Way from a 747 cockpit.

Milky Way
A cropped version of Christiaan''s stunning photo (below). Copyright. Christiaan Van Heijst

Magnificent photos of the Milky Way have been captured by pilot Christiaan van Heijst from a 747 cockpit.

Christiaan, one of the world’s leading aviation photographers, takes up the story of his Milky Way photos;

“20-second exposure over the midnight Atlantic. Cockpit lights dimmed smooth skies, no moon and only the light from countless age-old stars out there. Invisible to the naked eye but plainly obvious for my camera, the night sky holds so many colours and hues. On the far left to the north, a faint shimmering of earth-glow and a hint of the aurora. Ahead and slightly to the south-east a distinct orange glow, which might well be the city lights of Europe being reflected off the upper parts of Earth’s atmosphere from far across the horizon. I’m not sure, but that’s the only logical explanation I can think of.

“Once my eyes are adjusted to total darkness, I notice cloudscapes drifting by below; illuminated merely by faraway stars. Light that has travelled for many thousands, sometimes even billions of years across time and space.

“Born from a thermonuclear process in enormous gas-reactors we call stars, randomly flung across the voids of intergalactic space. Passing planets, systems, the shoulders of Orion, nebulae and maybe witnessed incredible secrets along its journey, only to end up going through the bug-ridden windscreen of a 747 cockpit. Smack in the middle of the aperture of a camera lens that’s put there by a random bloke who just decided ‘to give it a try’.

Copyright. Christiaan Van Heijst

“A camera held still by stabilizing the lens on a pretty tasty cheese-sandwich by the way.

“After having crossed half the visible universe, it was directed through even more glass elements onto a sensitive digital sensor, triggering an electric impulse, which translated into a binary digit and, together with millions of other bits of data, kept as a magnetic charge on a memory card as a digital image.

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“Many moons later, that same random chap (enjoying a hot brew of coffee this time), decides to upload that specific collection of digits through a Wi-Fi connection with a worldwide electronic network, so identical representations of that image are downloaded by devices all around the planet. Their screens translate it into new photons/light that is transmitted straight into your eyes right now.

“Passing the lens of your eyeball, it ends up on your retina, once again translated into an electrical signal, travelling via the optical nerve to the rear of your perfectly dark and silent brain. Here it is processed into something you think you ‘see’ with your conscious mind, but what is merely an electrical signal coming into a grey jelly mass that’s deciphering the digital inputs into… what?

“The universe is in the eye of the beholder.”

SEE Christiaan’s St Elmos’ Light Show 

Christiaan is one of the world’s leading aviation photographers and more of his work and more close encounter (s) can be found here.

You can follow Christiaan on Instagram here: @jpcvanheijst

Copyright. Christiaan Van Heijst

US carriers extend MAX cancellations past summer peak

Boeing MAX return push back
Photo: Boeing

US carriers have extended the cancellation of Boeing 737 MAX services until at least August, taking the troubled planes out of service for the peak summer travel period.

The moves come after Boeing conceded in January it did not expect regulatory approval until the middle of the year.  This is despite the fact regulators appear to be aligning on design fixes needed to return the MAX to service.

READ: Global regulators appear to agree on design fixes.

The MAX has been grounded since March 2019 after a flight control system was implicated in two crashes that killed 346 people.

The grounded planes are awaiting regulatory approval for changes to the flight control software, known as MCAS, as well as for a pilot training regime.

Once that happens, airlines will require time to prepare their aircraft to fly again and reintegrate them into their schedules.

The three US airlines had previously removed the planes from their schedules until June.

The latest change sees Southwest Airlines keep the aircraft out of its schedule until August 10, affecting more than 370 weekdays flights. The airline has 34 grounded planes and is the biggest US operator of the MAX.

“By proactively removing the MAX from scheduled service, we can reduce last-minute flight cancellations and unexpected disruptions to our customers’ travel plans,’’ Southwest said.

“The limited number of customers who have already booked their travel and will be affected by our amended schedule will be notified of their re-accommodated travel according to our flexible accommodation procedures.”

United Airlines has opted for the longest delay and plans to reintroduce the MAX on September 4.

It said the decision would allow it to plan services over summer with greater certainty.

American has opted for an August 18 return. It said it would run the formal schedule change on March 23 and customers previously booked on the Max would see their reservation updates on

“American expects to gradually phase in the MAX for commercial service and will increase flying on the aircraft throughout the month of August and into September,’’ it said.

“Since American will gradually phase the MAX into our operation over the course of a month, additional refinements to our schedule may occur. Affected customers will be contacted directly.

Boeing has suspended production of the MAX but already has about 400 planes in storage it will also need to update and prepare for delivery.

A big challenge for all parties will be convincing people it is safe to again travel on the plane.

Qantas warned plan to hire outside pilots could damage airline

Qantas union A350
Image: Qantas.

A Qantas plan to use outside pilots to fly its Project Sunrise ultra-long-haul routes has the potential to damage the airline for years to come, the airline’s pilot union has warned.

Australian and International Pilots Association president Mark Sedgewick said most of the union’s members viewed as unacceptable the Qantas warning it would use an external workforce if can’t get the deal it wants on Sunrise flying.

READ: Qantas warns union it will seek outside pilots to launch Sunrise.

“We have warned Qantas that recruitment of an external workforce risks damaging pilot engagement and would potentially damage the airline for many years to come,’’ he said.

“We remain focussed on the need to negotiate a package that is in the best interests of long-haul pilots and which also meets the needs of Qantas.

“Our members have the skills to safely fly ultra-long-range routes and we see no need for the airline to engage another workforce.”

Qantas International boss Tino La Spina sent a note to pilots on Thursday warning it would engage outside pilots for its ambitious plans to fly from Australia’s east coast to London and New York using Airbus A350s if they did not agree to the deal on the table.

The airline is facing a March 31 deadline from Airbus for production slots for the A350s and has been told the manufacturer would be unable to extend.

It told the pilots this was not its preferred option and it would continue negotiations for now.

If it is unable to come to a deal with AIPA it will then put its proposals directly to its pilots and ask them to vote on them, effectively bypassing the union.

But if that fails, it warned pilots it would be left with no viable alternative but to have Sunrise flying performed by a new “employment entity” that would provide the needed cost base.

The airline believes it has a good deal on the table for pilots with pay rates for joint A330/A350 flying about 5 percent higher than Boeing 787 and promotional opportunities for pilots.

But it conceded a major sticking point was a proposal to pay future second officers at a lower rate.

Sedgwick said AIPA remained committed to continuing talks with Qantas and its negotiators had worked hard to find common ground with the airline.

He said Qantas had claimed it had been flexible during the negotiations but noted its productivity targets “remained absolutely fixed”.

He also pointed to pilot duty hours and fatigue management as another issue concerning AIPA.

“Current restrictions on pilot duty hours means there is no legal basis for Qantas’ Project Sunrise proposal to operate,’’ he said.

“The current Qantas Fatigue Risk Management System trial, being conducted between the airline and CASA has excluded adequate consultation with AIPA and this is a further issue within the enterprise bargaining process that is yet to be worked through.”

Cathay shuts three Hong Kong lounges as virus cuts capacity

Cathay Pacific knows business
Closed: Cathay's The Deck lounge.

Cathay Pacific is closing three lounges in Hong Kong International Airport from February 17 after slashing capacity by 30 percent because of the coronavirus.

The capacity cut across the Cathay Pacific and Cathay Dragon networks will see The Pier First Class, the Deck and The Bridge lounges temporarily closed.

Passengers are being redirected to The Wing first and business class lounges and The Pier business lounge.

Read: Alaska to join oneworld

There will also be changes to food service at HKIA, Shanghai Pudong International Airport and Beijing Capital International Airport.

This will see individually packed food replace buffet options, supplemented by made-to-order hot food from the noodle bar.

“We apologize for the inconvenience caused to our customers and appreciate their understanding,’’ the airline said.

Cathay had already been suffering because of the political unrest in Hong Kong and the coronavirus could not have come at a worse time.

It has reduced Cathay Pacific and Cathay Dragon flights to mainland China by 90 percent and the airline’s international services are being affected by the fall in demand as well as restrictions by countries such as the Philippines and Italy.

Worldwide infections of COVID-19, including clinically diagnosed cases, have now topped 64,000 after more than 5,000 additional cases were recorded in China.

The death toll is approaching 1400 and there are almost 600 cases outside of China in 25 countries.

Nor is there any idea about when the outbreak will subside.

The director of the US Centers for Disease Control, Robert Redfield,  told CNN that the virus would probably persist beyond this season and this year and could find a foothold.

Research centers around the world are working on a vaccine but The World Health Organization has said this could take up to 18 months.

“The containment phase is really to give us more time,’’ he said. “This virus will become a community virus at some point in time, this year or next year.”



Alaska to join oneworld as it strengthens alliance with American

American alaska oneworld
Photo: Alaska Airlines

Alaska Airlines intends to join the oneworld alliance as it enters a new partnership with American Airlines aimed at connecting its US West Coast network with the bigger airline’s long-haul flights.

The airlines said the alliance would give West Coast travelers more international choices while offering seamless access across a broader network.

It will also provide strategic growth for both airlines and a boost for oneworld.

READ: United joins American, Delta in suspending China flights until April

Alaska plans to join the global alliance by summer 2021, connecting its passengers to more than 1200 destinations worldwide.

American was a founding member of oneworld, the membership of which also includes Qantas, Cathay Pacific, British Airways and Japan Airlines.

The two US carriers will continue their domestic codeshare and expand the arrangement to include codesharing on international routes Los Angeles and Alaska’s Seattle hub.

American will expand its flights from Seattle with the first service to Bangalore, India, in 2020 and a new Seattle-London Heathrow route from March 2021.

American said the new Seattle services would complement its international network from Los Angeles.

“India is a grossly underserved market, despite the number of businesses with a major presence in both India and the West Coast,’’ said American senior vice president network strategy Vasu Raja.

“By adding Seattle to Bangalore, we’re giving customers from more than 70 U.S. cities access to India in one stop or less — versus the two, three or four stops they’d have to make to get there in the past.”

Alaska and American loyalty members will enjoy benefits across both airlines, including the ability to earn and use miles on both carrier’s full networks, elite status reciprocity and lounge access.

This includes access to almost 50 American Admirals Club lounges worldwide and seven Alaska Lounges in the US.

“This alliance further opens the world for Alaska Airlines guests, whether traveling for business or pleasure,” said Alaska chief commercial officer Andrew Harrison.

“And importantly for our employees, and the communities we serve, this West Coast international alliance enables Alaska’s continued independent growth.

“As we’ve shared, we’re focused on delivering for our guests over the long-term – which means continued profitable growth to enable new aircraft and new opportunities. This supports those goals, and is an important step on the path.”

American president Robert Isom said Alaska had been an outstanding partner for 40 years.

“By connecting American’s strength in long-haul international flying and Alaska’s presence across the West Coast, we will build a better network for our customers than either airline could build alone,’’ he said.

“Together, we will deliver more value, benefits and choice for customers across the U.S. and around the globe.”

Jetstar faces new strike action by ground workers

Jetstar strikes
Photo: Jetstar

Thousands of Jetstar passengers face another wave of industrial action next week as the airline struggles to resolve a pay dispute with the Transport Workers’ Union.

The TWU has told the company it will take protected industrial action on Wednesday, February 19 that includes rolling two-hour work stoppages by baggage handlers and ground staff over 24 hours.

More than 250 workers will be involved in the action at Sydney, Melbourne, Avalon, Brisbane, Cairns and Adelaide airports.

READ: Qantas warns union it will seek outside pilots to launch Sunrise

Responding to the threat Friday, Jetstar chief executive Gareth Evans vowed to do everything possible to get customers on their way with minimum disruption.

Evans said the airline was still working out what the impact would be on up to 400 daily flights but it had strong contingencies in place.

He said it was looking to inform customers on Monday and was already offering those traveling Wednesday the option of a full refund.

Those passengers forced to overnight out of their home port would be given accommodation and meal vouchers.

“I think there will be some cancelations but we’re working through that at the moment and we’re working with our partner Qantas, as we did when the action was taken in December, to try and minimize that disruption and those delays as much as possible,” he said.

The strike action comes as the airline is moving to bypass the union and put a proposed package directly to workers, probably sometime in the next week.

READ: Jetstar presses for vote on ground handler pay dispute.

The industrial action comes as Australia’s tourism industry is reeling from the combined impact of the bush fire crises and the coronavirus threat.

“The TWU’s decision to disrupt air travel at a time when local tourism and the economy is hurting is unforgivable,’’ Evans said.

“It’s another example of how out of touch this union is.”

Jetstar has put a package to the TWU that includes a 3 percent annual pay increase, a year’s worth of back pay for each employee as well as a range of other benefits related to rosters.

“The deal delivers annual wage increases well above private-sector wage growth and more than what most companies are offering,’’ Evans said.

“It also ensures we can keep offering the low fares our customers expect.

“The union keeps ignoring the fact that no part of Jetstar or the Qantas Group will do a wage deal more than three percent. “

However, the TWU said the company was trying to force workers to accept an agreement that was “even worse than the current agreement they’re on”.

TWU national secretary Michael Kaine accused Jetstar of shutting down negotiations and imposing an industrial dictatorship that threatened workers’ back pay if they did not accept its terms.

He said the timing of the industrial action had been determined by the company’s actions.

“This is a company that has engaged for many years now in the systematic underemployment of its workforce deliberately to keep them quiet,” he said. “Obviously in the last few days there’s been an extension of that tactic.”

Jetstar is also talking to its pilots about a new pay deal and has warned it may have to sell some widebody aircraft if an agreement is not reached.

A spokesman confirmed it was testing the market to get valuations for the potential sale of three Boeing 787-8 aircraft but said a decision had yet to be made.

The airline is due to make a decision about the planes, the sale of which would see pilot job losses and demotions, by the end of March.

Management was due to meet with the Australian Federation of Air Pilots next Tuesday, Evans said.

The difficulties at Jetstar come as Qantas International chief executive Tino La Spina warned on Thursday that the group will seek outside pilots to launch its ambitious Project Sunrise on ultra-long-haul routes unless the Australian and International Pilots Association agreed to a deal on the table.

Airbus A330-800 receives joint US-European certification

Airbus A330-800
Photo: AIrbus

The newest member of the Airbus A330neo family has received joint US and European type certification after a 370-hour flight test program.

The A330-800 got the green light from the US Federal Aviation Administration and the European Aviation Safety Agency after test aircraft MSN1888 completed 132 flights since first taking to the air in November 2018.

The A330-800 incorporates new Rolls-Royce Trent 7000 engines, a new 3D-optimised wing and new Sharklets using lighter composite materials to achieve a 25 percent reduction in fuel consumption compared with older generation competitor aircraft of similar size.

It is the smaller sibling of the A330-900, which entered service with TAP Portugal in late 2018.

READ: Qantas warns union it will seek outside pilots to launch sunrise

The new variant is certified for a maximum take-off weight (MTOW) of 242 tonnes for a range capability of up to 7,500 nautical miles (13,890km) with a typical seat configuration of 220 to 260 passengers in three classes.

Alternatively, it can accommodate 406 passengers in a single-class high-density configuration.


Despite initial skepticism about the Airbus decision to revamp its successful A330 family, the neos have won 337 firm orders from 22 operators.

However, the response to the -800 has so far been muted with eight orders from Kuwait Airways, two from Uganda Airlines and four from an undisclosed customer.

Garuda Indonesia and Air Greenland have indicated they plan to acquire another five planes.

The European manufacturer initially looked at a revamped A330 as a response to Boeing’s 787 but decided to develop the A350XWB after a poor response from airlines.

The decision was revisited after the commercial success of the A320neo and in response to calls from existing A330 operators such as AirAsia.

The program was launched at the 2014 Farnborough Airshow.

An advantage of the A330neos is the operational commonality they share with the A350XWB.

This boosts pilot productivity and minimizes training between the two aircraft types, allowing airlines to effectively operate them as a single fleet.

From a passenger perspective, the neos feature the award-winning Airspace cabin with larger overhead storage, advanced cabin mood lighting and the latest in-flight entertainment and connectivity.

Airbus says maintenance on the 330-800 will also benefit from the aircraft’s new Skywise data connectivity, which allows engineers to predict potential issues before they arise.

It estimates the overall A330 family operates more than a million flights annually and has garnered over 1800 orders from 120 customers. About 1400 are currently flying.

Qantas warns union it will seek outside pilots to launch Sunrise

Safest Airlines in the World
Image: Qantas

Qantas has warned the Australian & International Pilots Association that it will seek outside pilots to launch Project Sunrise, its ambitious plan to fly nonstop from Australia’s east coast to London and New York, if they do not agree to a deal on the table.

The new group would be experienced pilots and be independent of the rest of the airline’s pilots.

The airline has told pilots this is not its preferred option and it will continue negotiations with AIPA for now.

If it is unable to come to a deal with AIPA it will then put its proposals directly to its pilots and ask them to vote on them, effectively bypassing the union.

But if that fails, it warned pilots it would be left with no viable alternative but to have Sunrise flying performed by a new “employment entity” that would provide the needed cost base.

Qantas International chief executive Tino La Spina told We have a good deal on the table for our long-haul pilots, with pay increases and promotional opportunities and we’ve structured it so their take-home pay is not negatively impacted.

“We’ve had extensive discussions with AIPA for months and months and while they have told us they don’t like what’s on offer, they haven’t put forward a proposal of their own. The reality is we are running out of time to keep our aircraft delivery slots with Airbus

La Spina added: “If we can’t reach an agreement with the union soon, we’ll be putting the offer directly to our pilots so they can have their say. Our strong preference is to reach an agreement with our pilots.”

But AIPA president  Mark Sedgwick described the threats as unnecessary and warned they would cause a new low in employee engagement at Qantas.

“Project Sunrise involves multiple safety and regulatory issues that AIPA on behalf of Pilots has been working through,” he said.

“The approach that Qantas is now showing publicly has been a characteristic of these discussions and shows how this business would apparently prefer ultimatums at this critical juncture to building consensus.”

It is understood that the proposed pay scale for A350 pilots is $A395,000 for a captain, $261,000 for a first officer and $A129,000 for a second officer.

The proposed “single fleet flying” rate is about 5 percent higher than the Boeing 787 and 13 percent higher than the A330 for captains and first officers on an annual take-home pay basis.

Qantas is hardening its stance as a March 31 deadline approaches for production slots. Airbus has told the airline it is not able to keep the slots open beyond this date.

Pilots were told the airline could not risk a further delay given that other parts of the business case and given competition from other airlines also starting ultra-long-haul routes.

A major sticking point is a proposal to pay future second officers a lower rate, but the company argues this is needed to make the Sunrise business case stack up and relates to jobs that would only exist if the project goes ahead.

It says remuneration for the future pilots would still be highly competitive and significantly above that offered to new hire second officers at Virgin and Jetstar, where it also faces a pay dispute.

The impasse comes after Qantas in December announced it would order up to 12 A350-1000s for Project Sunrise ahead of a final go/no go decision slated for March.

SEE: New podcast FACTS tell a very different story about Lion Air crashes.

But Project Sunrise faces challenges with crewing and regulatory hurdles.

Recently a group of “frustrated” Qantas pilots gained control of a powerful union committee negotiating both a short-haul agreement and the airline’s Project Sunrise, possibly signaling the latter’s demise.

Under AIPA rules, executive decisions must be signed off by the CoM.

One pilot who spoke to The Australian on the condition of anonymity said the “clean-out” was fueled by concern about the direction the executive was taking with regard to a new short-haul agreement and Project Sunrise negotiations.

But Qantas chief executive Alan Joyce said the carrier’s support for Sunrise was “stronger than ever”.

“Between the research flights and what we’ve learned from two years of flying Perth to London, we have a lot of confidence in the market for direct services like New York and London to the east coast of Australia,” he said.

Joyce said at the time that the airline would only commit to the project if the business case worked and the last gap was obtaining efficiency gains from pilots.

“We’re offering promotions and an increase in pay but we’re asking for some flexibility in return, which will help lower our operating costs,” he said.

“Airbus has given us an extra month to lock in an aircraft order without impacting our planned start date, which means we can spend more time on hopefully reaching a deal with our pilots.”

It was thought that Project Sunrise would move a step closer after Qantas recently reached an in-principle industrial agreement with its short-haul pilots.

The agreement cleared the way for AIPA to concentrate on a separate long-haul agreement.

However, AIPA has emphasized there are still issues that need to be addressed about Project Sunrise in the long-haul talks.

It was optimistic late last year it could reach an agreement with Qantas and hoped it can negotiate around some of the management demands pilots are not prepared to accept as well as concerns about fatigue risk management.

“We did so four years ago with the business case around the 787 and in that process, we negotiated a 30 percent productivity increase,’’ AIPA long-haul negotiator Captain Adam Susz recently told AirlineRatings in December.

“We were expecting that would be the basis to move forward with Sunrise.

“However, it seems that Qantas is seeking more again, which we regard as a double hit.

“And the pilots have told us that they don’t wish to extend any further than we did four years ago, especially when the Sunrise tours of duty are in excess of 22 or 23 hours on a planned basis.”

On the fatigue issue, the pilots are unhappy with the way CASA is dealing with the flights.

Singapore Airlines operates ultra-long-haul flights between Singapore and New York but Susz noted it flew with a “heavy “ crew of two captains and two first officers.

But Qantas has been proposing to use one captain, one first officer and two, second officers, with the second officers on the reduced pay.

Susz said the new routes would see pilots at the controls for longer and there was a need to be careful as the frontier of commercial aviation was extended.

AIPA expects New York to Sydney to be about a 21-hour duty, for example, while Sydney to London will be close to 22 hours.

Bombardier confirms exit from A220 program with $US591m deal

A220 Airbus.
Photo: Andreas Spaeth.

Airbus now owns the lion’s share of the A220 program after Bombardier exited and transferred its shares to the aerospace giant and the Quebec Government.

The transaction is effective immediately and sees Airbus Canada with 75 percent of the program and the government with 25 percent.

Bombardier gets $US591 million from Airbus, with $US531 paid immediately and the remaining $US60 million coming in 2020-21. Warrants owned by Airbus are canceled and it is released of any funding obligations to Airbus Canada.

Bombardier has been signaling for some time that it would exit the commercial aerospace sector.

READ: Bombardier considers exit from A220 partnership

It has sold its regional jet business to Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and its aerostructures manufacturing business in Belfast to Spirit Aerosystems.

Bombardier chief executive Alain Bellemare said the A220 deal supported the company’s efforts to exit the sector and address its capital structure.

He said he was incredibly proud of the company’s many achievements in aerospace and its impact on the sector.

“We are equally proud of the responsible way in which we have exited commercial aerospace, preserving jobs and reinforcing the aerospace cluster in Quebec and Canada,” he said. “We are confident that the A220 program will enjoy a long and successful run under Airbus’ and the Government of Québec’s stewardship.”

The agreement delays by three years to 2026 the date at which Airbus can redeem the government stake and the transaction includes A220 and A330 work package production facilities in Saint Laurent, Quebec.

Airbus A220 Bombardier
The A220 visits Airbus headquarters in Toulouse.

Airbus subsidiary Stelia Aeronautique will create its own offshoot to continue the production of the work packages, which include the A220 cockpit and aft fuselage, in Saint Laurent for the next three years.

The A220 work will then be transferred to the Stelia Aerospace site in Mirabel to optimize the flow of the A220 final assembly line.

Airbus said the new agreement meant 3300 aviation jobs in Quebec were secure and underlined its commitment to the A220 and Canada during a phase of “continuous ramp-up and increasing customer demand”.

“This agreement with Bombardier and the Government of Quebec demonstrates our support and commitment to the A220 and Airbus in Canada,” Airbus chief executive Guillaume Faury said.

“Furthermore it extends our trustful partnership with the Government of Québec. This is good news for our customers and employees as well as for the Québec and Canadian aerospace industry.”

Faury thanked Bombardier, which developed the A220 as the C Series, for its strong collaboration during the partnership.

“We are committed to this fantastic aircraft program and we are aligned with the Government of Québec in our ambition to bring long-term visibility to the Québec and Canadian aerospace industry,” he said.

The single-aisle jet has proved a success for Airbus since it took majority control on July 1, 2018, and net orders for the aircraft increased by 64 percent to 658 aircraft at the end of January.

It sells the jet in the 100 to 150-seat market as complementary to its single-aisle A320 family.

There are now 107 A220s flying with seven customers on four continents after 48 were delivered in 2019.

Airbus is also building a second final assembly plant in Alabama in the US. That facility in Mobile began production in 2019.


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