Dramatic and detailed pictures of Hurricane Florence have been taken from the International Space Station.
The pictures were taken by Astronaut Alexander Gerst who has used lenses from an extremely wide field to telephoto to capture Florence.
Airlines are expanding waivers, capping fares and removing baggage fees as the Category 4 hurricane moved towards the US coast and are working on the massive disruption the storm is likely to cause to flights.
US officials issued a hurricane warning for more than 300 miles of coastline as more than 1.5 million people were told to evacuate. Highways were converted to one-way evacuation routes as motorists streamed inland.
North and South Carolina are expected to face tropical storm level winds as early as Thursday morning and hurricane-force winds later that day.
The US National Hurricane Centre warned late Tuesday US time that Florence was expected to bring a life-threatening storm surge and rainfall to portions of the Carolinas and mid-Atlantic states.
It said the giant storm was moving west-northwest at 17mph (28kmh) with maximum sustained wind gusts near 140mph (220kmh).
Politicians, including US President Donald Trump, joined the chorus of warnings as fears remained the Hurricane could develop move into the most dangerous category, Category 5.
“This storm is a monster. It’s big and it’s vicious. It is an extremely, dangerous, life-threatening, historic hurricane,” North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper said.
Airlines have been responding to the emergency and began announcing fee waivers.
United Airlines is waiving change, baggage and in-cabin pet fees for all flights to a host of mid-Atlantic cities in the Carolinas and Virginia as well as Savannah, Georgia, as more than 1.5 million people evacuate ahead of Hurricane Florence.
The US carrier said it was offering a travel waiver for customers ticketed on flights to, from or through affected cities from September 10 through to September 16.
Customers could reschedule their itineraries for travel through September 20 with a one-time date or time change without change fees or fare differences.
The airline also reduced fares to below what it would normally charge for impacted markets.
Delta Air Lines also announced it was capping fares and had implemented a baggage and pet-in-cabin fee waiver to and from select cities from September 10 to 17.
It has also expanded its weather waiver to take in Savannah and Charlottesville, Virginia.
Other US carriers are also offering fee waivers to destinations they serve in the affected areas.