Pictures show damage to Pratt & Whitney powered United 777

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February 23, 2021
United

Pictures have emerged of the damage done to the United Airlines 777-200 that suffered an uncontained engine failure of one of its P&W 4000 engines on Saturday.

While most of the debris showered down on the neighborhood below some penetrate the aircraft’s structure.

However, the area impacted is not the fuselage itself but an outer fairing, made of a composite material that covers the wing to body join to make it more aerodynamic.

According to the NTSB Chairman Robert Sumwalt, there was no structural damage to the 777.

Note the missing blade and the damage to the one to its left.

There appears to be no structural breach of the pressurized fuselage or leaks from fuel tanks.

What is clear from the photos is a loss of one fan blade and damage to a second.

This is identical to the failure experienced in 2018 to another United Airlines 777 with PW4000 engines and likely linked to a similar incident involving a JAL 777 in Japan in December.

Here the pictures of that incident.

Boeing

On June 30, 2020, the NTSB released their final report into the 2018 incident and said:

The airplane, a Boeing 777-222, experienced a full-length fan blade fracture in the No. 2 (right) engine, a Pratt & Whitney (P&W) PW4077 turbofan, while in cruise flight shortly before the top of descent. The examination of the No. 2 engine revealed most of the inlet duct and all of the left and right fan cowls were missing. Two small punctures were found in the right side fuselage just below the window belt with material transfer consistent with impact from pieces of an engine fan blade.

The examination of the engine’s fan blades revealed fan blade No. 11 was fractured transversely across the airfoil directly above the fairings that are between the base of each blade. The other fan blade, which was identified as fan blade No. 10 and was the adjacent trailing blade, was fractured across the airfoil at about midspan. Laboratory examination of fan blade No. 11 revealed a low cycle fatigue (LCF) fracture that originated on the interior cavity wall directly below the surface.

The issue said the NTSB was the inspection process as outlined by P&W at the time and was to change after that incident.

The details of the Japan Airlines incident are again identical to the United incident and the picture below, from Aviation Herald, shows similar damage.